The main goal of treatment of acute and chronic bronchitis in children is to reduce symptoms and to ventilate the child’s airways. Antibiotics are usually not prescribed for acute bronchitis. This is because they are not against viruses – the most common cause of acute bronchitis.
However, if the doctor thinks that a child has a bacterial infection, or the child’s resistance is too weak, easily infected with bacteria, they can prescribe antibiotics to treat and prevent.
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Why do children have bronchitis?
Bronchitis in children is more common because the immune system in children is not complete, making them more susceptible to allergies and infections. Some causes of bronchitis in children include: bacterial infections, viruses from the environment or people around them; come in contact with allergens, pollen, dust inhalers or chemical contaminants. These factors are often factors that stimulate, block the air passages, cause irritation and eventually cause bronchitis in children.
Treatment of bronchitis
Nutrition and rest
If your child has acute bronchitis, your doctor may suggest resting at home, a diet supplemented with nutrients, drinking plenty of fluids and using antipyretics if your child has a fever above 38.5 ° C.
Antibiotics are usually not prescribed for acute bronchitis. This is because they are not against viruses – the most common cause of acute bronchitis. However, if the doctor thinks that a child has a bacterial infection, or the child’s resistance is too weak, easily infected with bacteria, they can prescribe antibiotics to treat and prevent.
Nebulizers can help loosen phlegm, reduce wheezing, and increase airflow through the airways. If a child’s bronchitis causes wheezing, he or she will need physiological saline aerosol combined with antibiotics. This device allows the medication to go directly into the lungs.
To reduce coughs, especially coughs that affect sleep and make your child vomit, your doctor may prescribe a cough syrup that is easy to drink.
If your child has a diagnosed chronic bronchitis, he or she needs medication to clear the airways and help clear away mucus. These medications include bronchodilators (inhalers) and steroids (inhaled or pill form). Steroids should be considered due to its many undesirable effects.
In addition, in children with chronic bronchitis, the doctor may apply oxygen therapy, which helps them more easily breathe and provide adequate oxygen necessary for children.
Eliminate the cause
One of the best ways to treat acute and chronic bronchitis is to eliminate the source of irritation that damages your child’s lungs, especially cigarettes, smog and polluted gases.
Prevention of bronchitis
A number of measures can be taken to prevent bronchitis in children.
- Parents must pay special attention to children not exposed to the environment with smoke, pollutants and dirt.
- Need to clean the house regularly.
- Bed sheets, carpets, toys … must be washed, dried in sunlight.
- Parents should note that children wear warm clothes in the winter.
- Regular handwashing has been shown to prevent infections.
- For infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months and appropriate weaning in the following months. Children need to be vaccinated on schedule and develop their immune system full